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What are Hemorrhoids


In the anal canal there is a spongy layer which is called  a mucosal cushion.These cushions are soft and very vascular (they have a good blood supply) when areas of these cushions become enlarged and bulge they are called Haemorrhoids. The main reason they have become enlarged is usually down to passing stools (faeces/poo) which is hard which in turn causes you to strain when opening your bowels. This repeated straining can cause these sensitive vessels to become swollen, and each time this happens the walls of the blood vessels become stretched and begin to become baggy and bulge. If this is occurring on a regular or daily basis the natural ability of the vessels to reshape becomes diminished and the walls become thinner. When the hard stool passes the thinned vessels they can tear and blood will be on the excreted stool as well as the toilet paper when you wipe your bottom.

Inside your anus there is a line which is referred to as the dentate line below this line there are nerves and pain receptors; above the line further into the anal canal there are no pain receptors. This is why you can have had internal haemorrhoids for a long time but not know about them until they start bleeding or become strangulated (where the blood supply is cut off).

The blood on the stool and the toilet paper will be a bright red as if you have just cut your self not a dark or black blood, if your stools are this colour you will need to see your doctor for investigations immediately.

This is one of those conditions which if we are honest we don’t want to mention let alone discuss in detail. It is often a very private matter and one which we can feel embarrassed about to an almost crippling degree. However, it is one which affects probably 50% of the population of over 50 yr olds often just as a fortunately short lived episode but for others it can be a very debilitating and ongoing condition.

The major problems of this condition is that

  • People don’t want to talk about it
  • People don’t want to go to their doctors about it
  • People are looking to the internet for advice support and answers

I hope that this site will go some way in alleviating your anxiety, give guidance and most of all encourage you to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis

The aspects I will cover will include:-

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